Types and Causes of Ear Infection
Dogs are especially susceptible to ear infections and it’s something that is likely to affect your furry friend at some point in their lifetime. According to the American Animal Hospital Association, as many as 17.3% CKCS (Cavalier King Charles Spaniels) are likely to experience at least one ear infection during their lifetime.
A number of factors and conditions contribute to ear infections. These include:
Ear mites … The most common cause of ear infections, mites are small parasites that live on the ear canal of your dog, feeding off of the wax and secretions. Ear mites are not considered to be dangerous unless you notice angry and red inflamed ears.
The most common cause of ear infections, mites are small parasites that live on the ear canal of your dog, feeding off of the wax and secretions. Ear mites are not considered to be dangerous unless you notice angry and red inflamed ears. Food allergies … A sensitive dog can suffer from food-related ear infections, including those that are associated with corn, wheat, and dairy.
Signs of Ear Infection
A dog ear infection is uncomfortable and painful for your dog. It hinders your dog’s sense of hearing and causes it to scratch and shake his head.
As a responsible pet owner, it’s important to know if your dog has an ear infection and learn how to treat it.
There are many possible causes of dog ear infections but the most common ones are mites or bacteria. Infections can also result from yeast and allergic reactions to food, grass, or pollens. Dogs who swim in ponds, the lake, or ocean also get ear infections.
It’s essential to treat your dog’s ear infection right away or the infection can spread to his eyes and other parts of your dog’s body.
The following signs are common with an ear infection:
- Ear scratching
- Tossing of the head
- Lethargic behavior
- An increase in mucus
If you’re wondering what the symptoms of an ear infection in dogs can be, check out my post on signs of ear infection in dogs.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Ear Infection
The causes of ear infections in dogs are varied. In most cases, the infection is caused by harmful bacteria, which are the result of your dog having an abrasion in her ear canal or from excess waxy debris in the ear. The most effective way to treat an ear infection is to clean out the debris and to administer a broad-spectrum antibiotic.
What Causes Ear Infections in Dogs?
The primary symptoms of ear infections are excess wax in the ear, ear scratching, and dark discharge from the ear. Should your dog suffer from a severe ear infection, she may also experience a loss of balance, head tilting, difficulty in breathing, or dizziness. In many cases, the infection may occur close to the surface of your dog’s ear canal, causing excessive wax buildup and unpleasant odors.
Prevention of Ear Infection
While ear infections are often inevitable, there are some things that you can do to make your dog less prone to developing one. Taking your puppy to the vet for a check up will help you identify any risk factors and identify the health or behavioral problems that could be causing the infection. Later in your dog’s life, as he ages and has less immune system strength, there are also things you can do to help strengthen the immune system. Through dog food, supplements and vitamins, you can help your dog’s organs work at full capacity. Keep the ears free from ear infection by making sure that ear hygiene is practiced regularly. It’s also important to keep the dog hair and ear canals from becoming clogged.